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On This Day In History....

Discussion in 'The Reading Room' started by Mike K., Aug 6, 2008.

  1. Since we all have such an interest in The Golden Era, I wanted to start this thread as a challenge to everyone to really explore what happened in the daily lives of people during the 1930s & 40s. Each day, let's all try to find something interesting that happened during this period to share with the rest of the Fedora Lounge.

    I'll start things off....

    Just minutes ago, today August 6th, in 1945 an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped the world's first atom bomb, over the city of Hiroshima. Approximately 80,000 people were killed as a direct result of the blast, and another 35,000 injured. U.S. President Harry S. Truman, discouraged by the Japanese response to the Potsdam Conference's demand for unconditional surrender, made the decision to use the atom bomb to end the war in order to prevent what he predicted would be a much greater loss of life were the United States to invade the Japanese mainland.

    Years earlier in 1936, on this same date, Pan American Airways President Jaun Trippe flew to Washington, D.C. to shake hands with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and to receive the massive Collier Trophy. Pan American Airways acquired U.S. aviation's highest award for the "establishment of the trans-Pacific airplane and the successful execution of extended overwater navigation in the regular operation thereof"...meaning that within the previous year, the four PanAm Pacific Clippers completed 70 round trips between San Francisco and Manila, and flew 6 000 000 passenger miles without an accident or even a cancelled flight.

    So, what else happened on this date in history?
  2. 1965 - The album HELP with The Beatles was released.
    (Not golden era, I know - but a golden album!)
  3. Mr_Misanthropy

    Mr_Misanthropy Practically Family

    On Aug. 6, 1911, Lucille Ball was born!
  4. This day in 1931, Bix Beiderbecke, jazz' second great trumpet innovator, died of pneumonia in Queens, NY, aged 28.

    This day in 1930, Joseph Crater, a justice of the NY State Supreme Court, stepped into a cab after dining with friends in Manhattan and was never seen again.
  5. Story

    Story I'll Lock Up

  6. August 7

    1942 - U.S. forces land on Guadalcanal in Pacific, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.

    1929 - Babe Ruth ties the record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games.
  7. Mr_Misanthropy

    Mr_Misanthropy Practically Family

    1947 - Thor Heyerdahl's "Kon-Tiki", a balsa wood raft, completes it's 4,300 mile, 101-day journey from Peru to Raroia in the Tuamotu Archipelago, near Tahiti. Heyerdahl wanted to prove his theory that prehistoric South Americans could have colonized the Polynesian islands by drifting on ocean currents.

    1934 - The U.S. Court of Appeals rules that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce’s novel Ulysses.
  8. More on August 7...

    1944: IBM dedicates the first program-controlled computer, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

    1942: U.S. and allied forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.

    1937: The last Cord car came off the line in Auburn, Indiana.

    1937: Bunny Berigan and his orchestra recorded I Can't Get Started With You for RCA in New York.

    1936: Congressman Marion Zioncheck (D-Washington) jumped to his death from a window in his office in Seattle. The 30-year-old New Dealer had been battling severe depression.

    1933: Vincent Hamlin's caveman comic strip Alley Oop began national syndication.

    1933: President Roosevelt agreed to remove U.S. Marines from Haiti, where they had been stationed since unrest in 1919.

    Born Today...

    1942: Humorist Garrison Keillor was born in Anoka, Minnesota.
    1935: Jazz reedman Rahsaan Roland Kirk was born Ronald (not yet Rahsaan) Kirk in Columbus, Ohio.
    1933: Science fiction and computer writer Jerry Pournelle (Byte) was born in Shreveport, Louisiana.
    1926: Another funnyman, Stan Freberg, was born in Los Angeles.
  9. August 8

    1940 - The Battle of Britain begins as Nazi Germany launches air attacks in a sustained strategic effort to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force. Had the Luftwaffe been successful, planned amphibious and airborne forces landings in Britain would have followed. The Battle of Britain was the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces and is often remembered through Winston Churchill's famous speech describing how "never was so much owed by so many to so few." The "few" to which Churchill referred were the Allied aircrews of Royal Air Force (RAF), including American Eagle Squadrons, whose desperate struggle gained the victory. The Battle of Britain was the largest and most sustained bombing campaign attempted up until that date, and its failure was considered the first major defeat of Nazi Germany.

    1929 - The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight. The zeppelin was a luxury passenger-carrying airship which operated commercially from 1928 to 1937. During its Golden Era career, the ship flew 144 ocean crossings (143 across the Atlantic, one across the Pacific) carrying over 13,000 passengers with a perfect safety record, making it the most successful rigid airship ever built. It was the first aircraft in history to fly over a million miles.
  10. 08.08. on this date in the future thousands - maybe even millions - of couples will have their wedding aniversarry in years to come.

    Congrats to all of you:)
  11. LondonLuke

    LondonLuke One of the Regulars

    In 1945, the atomic bomb "Fat Man" was dropped on Nagasaki, killing 39000 people outright and injuring a further 25000, with thousands more succumbing to radiation sickness. On August 15th, Japan announced it's surrender.
  12. August 9, 1937 -- Seconds before he was to open the evening's episode of the Pepsodent Company's "Amos 'n' Andy" over the NBC Red network, radio announcer Bill Hay suffers a heart seizure and collapses at the microphone. While performers Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll drag the unconscious announcer into the corridor to await medical help, program director Joe Parker is pressed into emergency service as announcer and signs the program on the air on time. Despite the chaos, a surviving recording reveals the broadcast proceeded without a hitch -- and the only acknowledgement that anything out of the ordinary had happened was Parker's laconic closing announcement that Hay "would be away for a few days." In fact, the veteran announcer would be off the program for nearly three months.
  13. On August 9, 1941, Churchill met Roosevelt on board the U.S.S. Augusta, beginning the pattern of high-level personal collaboration that would prevail until the end of the war. The two had actually met once before in 1918, a meeting Churchill had since forgotten. In this photo Roosevelt stands unaided, relying on hidden leg braces. In later, more widely publicized photographs, he is seen supported by his son Elliott, an Air Force officer—a reminder that Roosevelt, like Churchill, had a personal, family stake in the conflict.
  14. ...and one of my personal favorites

    1944 - Smokey Bear debuts as icon for wildfire prevention!!
  15. 9th August 1936: Owens wins 4th gold medal

    Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympic Games, setting a world record in the relay. Hitler promoted the Olympics as a showcase of Aryan supremacy, however, Ohio State University's Jesse Owens won the 100 and 200 metre events, the long jump, and on August 9, the relay. The relay team set a new world record and Hitler left the stadium rather than congratulate the African-American track stars.
  16. Caroline

    Caroline One of the Regulars

    Philip Larkin is born!

    "It's the birthday of the poet Philip Larkin, born in Coventry, England (1922). He was considered one of the great English poets of his time, though he only published four slim books of poetry, a total of only 117 poems. He grew up in England's Midlands. His father was a governmental official and a Nazi sympathizer who decorated the house with Nazi regalia throughout the '30s until the war started. Larkin went to Oxford and met Kingsley Amis there. They became lifelong friends. He worked as a professional librarian for more than 40 years, writing in his spare time. He was a poet who managed to write very beautiful poems that incorporated all sorts of four-letter words."

    Thanks to the Writer's Almanac for the text

    In 1966, he wrote in a letter, "I feel I am landed on my 45th year as if washed up on a rock, not knowing how I got here or ever had a chance of being anywhere else. ... Anyone would think I was Tolstoy, the value I put on writing, but it hasn't amounted to much."

    man, you said it!
  17. ...not even a slightly drawn-out organ solo? ;)

    Betty Boop first appears in the Paramount cartoon Dizzy Dishes, released this day in 1930. At first, strangely enough, she is a half-human half-dog.

    Smokey the Bear makes his debut this day in 1944, in a poster from the United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council.
  18. August 10

    1921 - Franklin D. Roosevelt stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian Island of Campobello

    1934 - Babe Ruth announces this is his final season as full time player

    1944 - U.S. recaptures Guam from Japanese

    1944 - Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0

    1945 - Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remain unchanged
  19. This day in...

    1930, Chief Justice and former President William Howard Taft died.

    1931, an earthquake of magnitude 8 struck northwest China.

    1932, Danish carpenter Ole Kirk Christiansen founded a toy factory that in 1934 became known as LEGO.

    1938, a temperature of 119°F was recorded at Pendleton, Oregon.

    1942, Gen. Bernard Montgomery took command of British forces in North Africa.

    1948, Candid Camera first aired on the new (and nearly affiliate-less) ABC-TV network.

    1949, the U.S. Department of Defense was so named. For the previous 2 years this merger of War, Navy, and Air Force Dep'ts was called the National Military Establishment. It was soon pointed out that the acronym "NME" was not the most appropriate. lol

    Born this day...

    1909, Claude Thornhill, orchestra leader
    1923, Rhonda Fleming, actress
    1928, Eddie Fisher, singer, serial husband
    1947, Ian Anderson, musician (Jethro Tull)

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