Pre-History In 1891, Whitcomb L. Judson invented the direct ancestor to the zipper, a new fastener for shoes and boots. He called it the "clasp locket or locket for shoes." In 1893, Colonel Lewis Walker saw this new fastener at the Chicago World's fair, and saw its potential. He backed the invention, and in 1894 formed the Universal Fastener Company. The Fastener Manufacturing Machine Company later came into being to improve the design of the fastener, and to devise a way to mass produce it. This company was later re-organized as the Automatic Hook and Eye Company. In 1905, Automatic Hook and Eye released the C-Curity placket fastener, primarily for use in shoes and women's clothes. It proved a failure on the market, owing to its tendency to pop open during use. In 1906, Automatic Hook and Eye hired Gideon Sundback, formerly with Westinghouse Electric, to improve the design of the fastener. In 1908, the company introduced the Plako fastener, which also proved commercially nonviable. In 1912, Sundback produced the first "modern" zipper design, which was patented and went into production in 1913. The company was re-organized as the Hookless Fastener Company. In 1928, the name of the product (but not the company) was changed to "Talon". In 1937, the corporate name was changed to Talon Inc. 1893 1904 1908 1914. Recognizable as a modern zipper. Teeth are still made to roughly the same design.